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Babyn Yar
Післявоєнний еміграційний роман: між генераційною та індивідуальною пам'яттю
Наталія Довганич
Publisher: Львівський національний університет імені Івана Франка, Львів, 2018, 67
The emergence and rapid extension of memory studies is obviously explained by a ratherhuge number of tragic events, i.e. World Word II, Holocaust, which led to an abundance ofmemoirs, recollections of victims as well as public testimonies of witnesses of these disasters.The literature in the second part of the 20th century became a signifi cant place for searchingthe hidden forms, modes, and circumstances of the processes of remembering and forgetting,especially in the writings by Moris Halbwachs, Pier Nora, Cathy Caruth, Aleida Assmann,Michael Rothberg etc. Yet this «memory boom» was restricted to the «West» and, in contrast,neither occurred in Ukraine, nor in most other post-soviet countries. It is primarily due tothe political pressure (and repression) as well as prolonged and severe censorship that it didnot take place in Ukraine. Consequently, the texts containing different cultural traumas andwould hence belong to «survivor literature» still remain unknown for readers. However,if Holodomor has been presented and researched in the scientifi c discourse, Holocaust inUkraine is still a rarely discussed topic. The true dynamics in the Ukrainian cultural memory can be demonstrated on the samples of the autobiographical texts, which were written and published by emigrant writers, who left Ukraine during or after the World War II. In this line of reasoning, the present article sets out to mainly analyze the specifi city of the Ukrainian memory processes in the post-war «survivor literature» by defi ning the peculiarities in representing Holodomor and Holocaust in memoirs and novels that are not included in the literary canon. These are «Kreschaty Yar» by Dokia Humenna, «On the Black Horse» by Ulas Samchuk, «Deadly Road», «Bells Did Not Ring for Them» by Oleksa Haj-Holovko and «Poltava», «The Summer on the Lake» Oleksa Izarskyj. Their works elucidate the fi rst direct experiences of the totalitarian crimes in Ukraine, both Soviet and German, thus constitute a powerful source for the reconstruction of the past and for search of the historical truth and holistic restoration of the memory. Contemporary scholarly progress provides us with a unique possibility to arrange a dialogue between different traumas, like Holodomor-Holocaust, and to reconstruct our national histories as multidirectional. Therefore, the literary testimony of Ukrainian witnesses should be brought to light and unearthed for its prospective representation to the current and next generations
Language: Ukrainian
Periodicals title: Вісник Львівського університету. Серія філологічна